Safeguarding is taken seriously by World Outreach Saviour International Bible Ministries Worldwide, who is referred to as Wosib Ministries Worldwide in the rest of this policy document. For this reason, we will ensure that all trustees, employees, volunteers and beneficiaries know about safeguarding and people protection. We will do this by adequate awareness, making accessible available copies of this policy. This policy can be found in the church website and we will make sure it is available at every meeting of the church, to help everyone get used to it as well as carry out what is required of them.
Wosib Ministries Worldwide understands that it is our duty and that of the whole Christian community to care, love, and respect and also protect every individual that comes in contact with us, irrespective of tribe, race, gender or belief, especially to children, young people and vulnerable adults.
We, Wosib Ministries Worldwide acknowledge children’s and adults right to protection from abuse, regardless of gender, ethnicity, disability, or beliefs. We consider that the welfare of children is paramount. We will follow legislation, statutory guidance and recognised good practice in order to protect vulnerable people in our church.
Wosib Ministries Worldwide is deeply committed to the care and nurture of, and respectful pastoral ministry with, all children, young people and adults.
We are also committed to the safeguarding and protection of all children, young people and adults when they are vulnerable as well as the establishing of safe, caring communities which provide a loving environment where there is informed vigilance regarding the dangers of abuse.
We will carefully select and train all those with any responsibility within the Church, in line with safer recruitment principles, including the use of criminal records disclosures and registration with the relevant vetting and barring schemes. By so doing, we will be able to check and confirm that people are suitable to act in their specific roles. We will also provide continuous support, supervision and resources to all who work in the church.
All concerns and allegations of abuse will be responded to appropriately, including referring to the statutory authorities if necessary.
We will respond without delay to every complaint made which suggests that a child, young person or adult may have been harmed, cooperating with the police and local authority in any investigation.
We will seek to work with anyone who has suffered abuse, developing with them an appropriate ministry of informed pastoral care.
We will seek to offer pastoral care and support, including supervision and referral to the proper authorities, to any member of our Church community known to have offended against a child, young person or vulnerable adult.
We will seek to challenge any abuse of power, especially by anyone in a position of trust. Therefore, we will refer concerns about staff – volunteers and paid, lay and ordained – that meet the relevant criteria to the Local Authority Designated Officer.
We will implement, maintain and regularly review the procedures outlined in this policy, which are designed to prevent and to be alert to abuse.
Wosib Ministries Worldwide will use the efficacy power in the word of God, alongside with the church doctrines and statement of belief which speaks of the fear of God to ensure that church trustees work together. THE SPIRIT OF TEAM WORK will be the key focus, so that one trustee does not dominate the work.
We are committed to follow legislation, guidance and recognised good practice in these principles.
SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN, YOUNG PEOPLE AND VULNERABLE ADULTS POLICY FOR
WORLD OUTREACH SAVIOUR INTERNATIONAL BIBLE MINISTRIES WORLDWIDE.
(WOSIB MINISTRIES WORLDWIDE).
This policy was agreed by the Church Council on 16th of November, 2019
Wosib Ministries Worldwide understands that it is our duty and that of the whole Christian community to care, love, and respect and also protect every individual that comes in contact with us, irrespective of tribe, race, gender or belief, especially to children, young people and vulnerable adults. This is mostly because we are all created in the image and likeness of GOD. This means that we have a duty to value all people as bearing the image of God and therefore to protect them from harm.
Wosib Ministries Worldwide is committed to the safeguarding and protection of all children, young people and adults and affirms that the needs of children or of people when they are vulnerable and at risk are paramount.
Wosib Ministries Worldwide recognises that it has a particular care for all who are vulnerable whether by disabilities or by reduction in capacities or by their situation. It is recognised that this increased vulnerability may be temporary or permanent and may be visible or invisible, but that it does not diminish our humanity and seeks to affirm the gifts and graces of all God’s people.
This policy addresses the safeguarding of children, young people and vulnerable adults. It is intended to be a dynamic policy. It is intended to support the Church in being a safe supportive and caring community for children, young people, vulnerable adults, for survivors of abuse, for communities and for those affected by abuse.
Wosib Ministries Worldwide recognises the serious issue of the abuse of children and vulnerable adults and recognises that this may take the form of physical, emotional, sexual, financial, spiritual, discriminatory, domestic or institutional abuse or neglect, abuse using social media or human trafficking (slavery). It acknowledges the effects these may have on people and their development, including spiritual and religious development. It accepts its responsibility for ensuring that all people are safe in its care and that their dignity and right to be heard is maintained. It accepts its responsibility to support, listen to and work for healing with survivors, offenders, communities and those who care about them. It takes seriously the issues of promotion of welfare so that each of us can reach our full potential in God’s grace.
Wosib Ministries Worldwide has very deep commitment to
- RESPOND without delay to any allegation or cause for concern that a child or vulnerable adult may have been harmed, whether in the church or in another context. It commits itself to challenge the abuse of power of anyone in a position of trust.
- Ensure the IMPLEMENTATION of Safeguarding Policy, government legislation and guidance, and safe practice in the church and in all Wosib Ministries events
- The PROVISION of support, advice and training for lay and ordained people that will ensure people are clear and confident about their roles and responsibilities in safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children and adults who may be vulnerable.
- AFFIRM and give thanks to GOD for those who work with children and vulnerable adults and acknowledge the shared responsibility of all of us for safeguarding vulnerable adults who are on our premises.
CHURCH COUNCIL (TRUSTEES) OF WOSIB MNISTRIES WORLDWIDE.
It is the responsibility of the Church Council to appoint a Church Safeguarding Officer and there should be no gaps in this crucial provision. The role will usually be undertaken on a voluntary basis although expenses should be met.
Sister Bernicia Oluwagbemiro has been appointed as the church Safeguarding Officer
And her roles includes to:
- support and advise the minister and the stewards in fulfilling their roles
- provide a point of reference to advise on safeguarding issues
- promote safeguarding best practice within the church with the support of church ministers
- ensure proper records are kept of all incidents/concerns
- Ensure that all safeguarding training which is required is undertaken by those in post and appropriate records kept and made available.
- attend training and meetings organised to support the role
- oversee safeguarding throughout the whole life of the church (e.g. events, outreaches, groups, evangelism, etc)
- report to the Church Council annually
- ensure the church completes a yearly audit/monitoring on safeguarding confirming that policies are in place for the church and all groups and departments in the church and that these have been annually reviewed
- ensure that the church recruits safely for all posts
- Ensure that the church has a safeguarding notice board with a copy of the current, signed safeguarding policy, contact numbers for local and national help lines and other suitable information.
The purposes of this safeguarding policy are to ensure procedures are in place and people are clear about roles and responsibilities for children, young people and vulnerable adults in our care and using our premises. This policy is to provide procedures for promoting safeguarding, preventing abuse and protecting children, adults at risk and staff. This includes clear procedures for taking appropriate action when safeguarding concerns are raised involving children and adults within our church.
In Wosib Ministries, we believe that good practice means:
- All people are treated with respect and dignity.
- Those who act on behalf of the Church should not meet or work alone with a child or vulnerable adult where the activity cannot be seen unless this is necessary for pastoral reasons, in which case a written note of this will be made and kept noting date, time and place of visit.
- The church premises will be assessed by the church safeguarding officer with the property steward and/or their representatives at least annually for safety for children and vulnerable adults and the risk assessment report will be given annually to the Church Council in written form. This will include fire safety procedures. The Church Council will consider the extent to which the premises and equipment are suitable or should be made more suitable.
- Any church-organised transport of children or vulnerable adults will be checked to ensure the vehicle is suitable and insured and that the driver and escort are appropriate. An agreed record to be kept in the church file for each driver/car.
- Activity risk assessments will be undertaken before any activity takes place to minimise the risk of harm to those involved. Approval will be obtained from the event leader/minister. A written record of the assessment will be retained securely in case they need to be seen at a later date.
- Promotion of safeguarding is recognised to include undertaking those tasks which enable all God’s people to reach their full potential. The Church Council will actively consider the extent to which it is succeeding in this area.
These things are to safeguard those working with children, young people and those adults who may be vulnerable.
C).APPOINTMENT AND TRAINING OF WORKERS
Workers will be appointed after a satisfactory DBS disclosure and following safer recruitment procedures. Each worker will have an identified supervisor who will meet at regular intervals with the worker. A record of these meetings will be agreed and signed and the record kept. Each worker will be expected to undergo basic safeguarding training, within the first 6 months. D).PASTORAL VISITORS
In terms of safeguarding, pastoral visitors will be supported in their role with the provision of basic safeguarding training upon appointment.
E).GUIDELINES FOR WORKING WITH CHILDREN, YOUNG PEOPLE AND VULNERABLE ADULTS
A leaflet outlining good practice and systems will be produced and given to everyone who works with children, young people and vulnerable adults. This leaflet will be reviewed annually.
F).EVENTS WITH CHURCH GROUPS OFF THE PREMISES
Adequate staffing, a risk assessment and notification of the event to be given to the church safeguarding officer before the agreement for any event or off site activity. Notification of the event will be given to the church council.
If the activity is unusual or considered to be high risk the church safeguarding officer will contact the senior pastor and the church council in order that it can be ratified or any queries raised.
It is hoped that complaints can generally be dealt with internally by the organisation. However, if the complaint is of a safeguarding nature, relating to possible abuse of children or vulnerable adults, then it is very important that the church safeguarding officer is consulted as statutory services may need to be informed.
A complaint should be addressed to the CHURCH TRUSTEES. Meetings will be arranged with the person making the complaint and, usually, the person against whom the complaint has been made, in an attempt to resolve it.
This policy will be reviewed annually by the Church Council. The date of the next review is: 14/11/2020
G).KEY CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
- A child is anyone who has not yet reached their eighteenth birthday. The fact that a child has reached 16 years of age, is living independently or is in further education, a member of the armed forces, in hospital or in custody in the secure estate, does not change his/her status or entitlements to services or protection.
- Vulnerable Adults: Any adult aged 18 or over who, due to disability, mental function, age or illness or traumatic circumstances, may not be able to take care or protect themselves.
- Safeguarding and protecting children or vulnerable adults from maltreatment; preventing impairment of their health and ensuring safe and effective care.
- Adult/child protection is a part of safeguarding and promoting welfare. This refers to the activity which is undertaken to protect children/specific adults who are suffering or are at risk of suffering significant harm, including neglect.
- Abuse and neglect may occur in a family, in a community and in an institution. It may be perpetrated by a person or persons known to the child or vulnerable adult or by strangers, by an adult or by a child. It may be an infliction of harm or a failure to prevent harm.
Signed .I.J.OLUWAGBEMIRO………….. Chair of Church Council
CODE OF CONDUCT FOR WORKING WITH CHILDREN OR YOUNG PEOPLE
All workers should agree to the following code of conduct when working with children and
Do treat all people with dignity and respect.
Don’t abuse the power and responsibility of your role. Don’t belittle, scapegoat, put down,
or ridicule a child or young person (even in ‘fun’) and don’t use language or behaviour with
sexual connotations (e.g. flirting or innuendo).
Do act inclusively, seeking to make everyone feel welcome and valued.
Don’t exclude other children or workers from conversations and activities unless there is a good reason.
Do treat people with equal care and concern.
Don’t show favouritism (e.g. in selection for activities, in giving rewards, etc) or encourage
excessive attention from a particular child (e.g. gifts).
Do encourage everyone to follow any behaviour agreement or ground rules and apply
Don’t threaten or use sanctions which have not been agreed, or make empty threats.
Do refer to a more senior worker if a child does not respond to your instructions despite
encouragement and warning of possible consequences.
Don’t feel you have to deal with every problem on your own.
Do seek to diffuse aggressive or threatening behaviour without the use of physical contact.
Don’t use physical restraint except as a last resort to prevent injury. This should use
Do relate to children in public. If a child wants to talk one-to-one about an issue, tell another
worker and find somewhere quieter, but still public, to talk.
Don’t spend time alone with children out of sight of other people.
Do make sure that any electronic communication is done with parental consent and is
transparent, accountable, recorded and adheres to safeguarding policies.
Don’t keep communication with children secret, while still respecting appropriate
Do have a designated photographer to take store and share photos of your group’s activities,
in line with good practice guidelines
Don’t take photos or videos without consent, store them in a safe place designated by the
church and only use them in the ways agreed, in line with good practice guidelines
Do use physical contact wisely; it should be:
– in public, appropriate to the situation and to the age, gender and culture of the child.
– in response to the needs of the child, not the adult.
– respectful of the child’s privacy, feelings and dignity.
Don’t use physical contact which could be misconstrued as aggressive (e.g. rough games)
Do respect children’s privacy.
Don’t assume that children should tell you anything you ask just because you are a worker.
Do respect the right of children to wash, change and use the toilet in private.
Don’t walk in unnecessarily or unannounced.
Do listen to children and tell the church Safeguarding Officer if you have any concerns
about a child’s welfare.
Don’t promise to keep something secret if it is about a child being harmed or at risk of harm,
but only tell those who need to know.
Do respect and promote the rights of children to make their own decisions and choices in line with the WORD OF GOD.
Don’t work in ways that put your needs and interests before those of the children you
Do encourage respect for difference, diversity, beliefs and culture.
Don’t discriminate or leave discrimination or bullying unchallenged.
I AGREE TO ABIDE BY THE ABOVE CODE OF CONDUCT WHILE WORKING WITH CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE.
|NAME :———————————————–( On behalf of WOSIB MINISTRIES WORLDWIDE). NAME OF WORKER————————————————————————————– EMAIL/PHONE———————————————————————————————- SIGNED——————————————————————————————————- DATE——————————————————————————————————– —-|
|SAFEGUARDING INCIDENT RECORDING FORM|
|FULL NAME OF THE CHILD CONCERNED,YOUNG PERSON OR ADULT|
|ADDRESS INCLUDING POST CODES|
|DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT|
|LOCATION OF INCIDENT|
|OTHER PEOPLE PRESENT(WITNESS)|
|RECORD OF INCIDENT(CONTINUE ON A SEPARATE SHEET|
|Please ensure you are as accurate and detailed as possible. Use quotes wherever possible – do not interpret what was said using your own words. Include details such as tone of voice, facial expression and body language Record what you said as well as what the child, young person or adult said. If you have formed an opinion please state it, making it clear that it is your opinion and give reasons for forming that opinion.|
|WHO HAS BEEN SPOKEN TO ABOUT THE INCIDENT?|
|Church Safeguarding Coordinator|
|Parent / Carer|
|Other (please state role and organisation)|
|Feedback and follow up actions (continue on a separate sheet if necessary)|
NAME (Person who completed this form) ———————————————————————
POSITION IN THE CHURCH——————————————————————————————
CODE OF CONDUCT AND GOOD PRACTICE FOR WORKING WITH VULNERABLE ADULTS.
Who do we mean by a vulnerable adult?
A vulnerable adult is a person aged 18 or over whose ability to protect himself or herself from violence, abuse, neglect or exploitation is significantly impaired through physical or mental disability or illness, old age, emotional fragility or distress or otherwise; and for that purpose, the reference to being impaired is to being temporarily or indefinitely impaired.
Although everyone is vulnerable in some ways and at certain times, some people by reason of their physical or social circumstances have higher levels of vulnerability than others. Some of the factors which increase vulnerability are:
- A sensory or physical disability or impairment
- A learning disability
- A physical illness
- Mental ill health (including dementia), chronic or acute
- An addiction to alcohol or drugs
- The failing faculties in old age
- A permanent or temporary reduction in physical, mental or emotional capacity brought about by life events, for example bereavement or previous abuse or trauma.
- Vulnerability is often not a permanent state
- Vulnerability is not always visible
- A person with apparently visible vulnerabilities may not perceive themselves as such
- We are all vulnerable at different stages of life
- Vulnerable people may also pose risk and cause harm
and helpers should follow SAFER RECRUITMENT GUIDELINE, which include:
- Submitting an application form with references
- Completing a Confidential Declaration Form
- Having a valid Enhanced Disclosure from the Disclosure and Barring Service, with barring information if eligible
- Accepting that the role is a position of trust
One of the aims of the policy is for church groups to provide a warm, nurturing environment for vulnerable adults whilst avoiding any inappropriate behaviour.
Positions of Trust
The WOSIB MINISTRIES makes the following expectations for those in a position of trust
- all church workers must conduct themselves at all times in accordance with the reasonable expectations of someone who represents the Church; this includes both while on duty and also when off duty;
- they must possess a personal copy of this Good Practice Guide for their work and comply with it;
- they will be seen as role models by the children or vulnerable adults with whom they are in contact at all times, including when they are off duty;
- they must not in their private life engage in activities which could bring the church or their role in it into disrepute;
- they must take care to observe appropriate boundaries between their work and their personal life. For example, they must ensure that all communications they may have with or about children or vulnerable adults are appropriate in their tone;
- they must seek advice immediately if they come across a child or vulnerable adult who may have been harmed (including self-harm) or a colleague whose conduct appears inappropriate;
- they must not expose themselves or others to material which is sexually explicit, profane, obscene, harassing, fraudulent, racially offensive, politically inflammatory, defamatory, or in violation of any British, European or international law.
- they must inform the relevant church authorities promptly should any convictions, court orders or allegations of misconduct arise.
It is contrary to the policy of WOSIB MINISTRIES for those in a position of trust, including Ministers and pastoral care workers among others, to have sexual or inappropriate personal relationships with those for whom they are responsible. A breach of this is likely to be considered as a disciplinary offence. It will be referred as appropriate to the local authority and in some cases it may also constitute a criminal offence. Anyone found guilty of a criminal or disciplinary offence of this kind is likely to be dismissed and referred to the Disclosure and Barring Service for possible barring.
Activities with adults who may be vulnerable
- These recommendations apply to all churches’ activities with adults who may be vulnerable – for instance, during worship on Sunday mornings, on outings, in groups and when visiting at home. They are designed to protect the adults who may be vulnerable in your care, as well as your leaders.
- They apply as much to church ‘in house’ activities for regular attendees as to activities which you run in and for the local community.
- Activities set up specifically for adults known to be vulnerable will need planning and preparation of a kind not needed for activities open to all.
- Ensure there are supervision arrangements and a reporting line.
Active membership and inclusion
- Create an environment where all people, including those who are vulnerable, are encouraged to participate in and contribute to all aspects of church life.
- Risk assess continuing and new activities including worship exploring what inclusion, choice and independence mean for communities and individuals.
- Set up policies and procedures for complaints and allegations.
- Share information appropriately.
- Always respect the vulnerable adult and all his or her abilities.
- Ask about personal preferences, forms of address, how much help might be needed.
- Ensure his or her individuality – e.g. always use their name.
- Give the same respect as to others.
- Respect differences – e.g. in appearance, ideas, personalities, ability.
- Don’t assume or withhold physical contact – ask first.
- Have a proper conversation using appropriate language – e.g. ask about interests.
- Sometimes it may be necessary to set boundaries for some to ensure the safety of others.
- Obtain specialist advice when necessary, e.g. on harassment, disability, mental illness, domestic abuse.
- Respect the choices vulnerable adults make, even if they may appear risky.
- Consider whether the vulnerable adult has the capacity to make choices and whether safety might require intervention.
- Give vulnerable adults the highest level of privacy and confidentiality possible in their circumstances.
- Consult with the vulnerable adult about who he or she wishes to be included in affecting his or her life – in a way that does not further highlight to others their vulnerabilities.
- Offer assistance in such a way as to maximise a person’s independence.
- Gove vulnerable adults a choice about where they sit, and what activities they participate in, recognizing that some people find making choices stressful.
- Ensure that there is clear access to all areas which are available to members of the congregation, e.g. where coffee is served, the bookstall, where meetings are held.
- Do not assume that someone’s level of comprehension matches their verbal communication.
- Lifts arranged by adults among themselves are a private matter and not the concern of the church unless there appears to be abuse or exploitation.
- Lifts arranged by the church, whether using existing pastoral care workers or a special team of drivers, are a church Lifts responsibility. Drivers need to be safely recruited. Carers should be consulted as appropriate.
- All those who drive vulnerable adults on church-organised activities should normally be over 25 and should have held a full driving licence for over two years.
- All cars that carry vulnerable adults must be comprehensively insured. The insured person must make sure that their insurance covers the giving of lifts during church activities. They must inform their insurance company that lifts may be given. There are separate requirements governing minibuses.
- All cars that carry vulnerable adults should be clean and in a roadworthy condition.
- All passengers as well as the driver must wear seat belts. If there are no seat belts vulnerable adults should not be carried.
- Take care in assisting vulnerable adults to board or leave vehicles, taking account of the guidance on touch.
- At no time should the number of passengers in a car exceed the usual passenger number. There must be a seat belt for every passenger.
- Recognize that people are vulnerable when receiving a lift as they cannot leave a moving car or effectively resist inappropriate approaches.
- If lifts are also provided to GP or hospital appointments or adult social care facilities this is regulated activity and attracts a DBS check with barring information.
- Any driver who has an endorsement of 6 points or more on their licence should inform the Parish Safeguarding Officer.
- Any driver who has an “unspent” conviction for a drink driving offence or for Dangerous Driving or Racing on the Highway should not transport vulnerable adults.
Visiting adults who may be vulnerable in their homes (including residential and nursing homes)
- Always do an assessment of risk to both the vulnerable adult and other interested parties, including yourself, before visiting someone in their own home.
- If there are concerns or risks known before the visit is undertaken, give careful consideration to whether the visit is absolutely necessary, or whether you should be accompanied by another adult. Don’t take unnecessary risks. There is separate guidance on Lone working.
- Always carry a mobile phone on a home visit, and ensure that someone knows where you are and when you are expected to return.
- Don’t call unannounced: call by arrangement, if appropriate telephoning the person just before you go.
- Always carry identification with you or a note of introduction from your church.
- Always knock on the door before entering a room or home; respect the person’s home and possessions.
- Don’t take or offer sweets, drink or other food items to people you are visiting.
- Never offer ‘over the counter’ medicines to the people you visit or administer prescribed medicines even if asked to do so.
- As a general principle, do not give those you visit your home phone number or address. Instead, where possible leave information about a central contact point.
- If you don’t know the answer to a question or feel out of your depth, seek advice and if appropriate refer the person to another agency. Know where you can access information about other relevant services.
- When referring someone on to another person or agency, talk this through with the vulnerable adult. Ask his or her permission before passing on personal information. Make the link with the new person or by yourself: if it is more appropriate for the vulnerable adult to do so themselves; make sure they have all the information they need and that their contact will be expected.
- Be clear about your boundaries: keep to agreed limits on how much time you will spend with someone and how often you come. Don’t take on extra responsibilities on a bit by bit basis. Be realistic about the amount of time you have; don’t say yes to every request for help.
- Set a pattern and expectations about communications between visits. Beware of over-frequent texting or emailing and exchanges late at night.
- Avoid handling money for vulnerable adults; if it is unavoidable provide receipts and discuss with group leader CHURCH TREASURER
- Be clear about what behaviour is acceptable – and what is not – from the vulnerable adult.
What to do if a vulnerable adult appears to be at risk
- The church does not itself investigate situations of possible risk to vulnerable adults from others but church members are entitled to clarify whether they consider there may be such a risk.
- If you have reasonable grounds for suspecting that a vulnerable adult is being abused or neglected it may be appropriate to refer them to the local authority adult protection service.
- The consent of the person concerned is normally needed. However, if they are not able to give informed consent or are being intimidated, they can be referred without consent.
- If in doubt whether a referral is appropriate, consult the CHURCH SAFEGUARDING OFFICER or the local authority adult protection service.
- Make a record of the concerns and the action taken as soon as possible after the event and make sure a copy is on file.
- An abuse of power is a safeguarding issue.
- If there is a suspected criminal offence the victim should be encouraged to report the matter to the police and assisted in doing so if necessary.
- Refer on and work with existing statutory and voluntary services.
Conflicts and disagreements
- Recognize that the churches have duties of care to both perpetrators and victims or survivors if they are both parishioners.
- Bullying and harassment either by or of anyone in the church community is not acceptable.
- Recognize that vulnerable adults may be perpetrators as well as victims of abuse.
- Be fair, sensitive and confidential.
- Set a good example: challenge inappropriate behaviour but do so courteously.
- Be aware of your own power, even if you don’t feel powerful.
- Ask for help if you feel out of your depth.
- Think before you act.
- Listen to your instincts.
- It will usually be necessary for a different team or individual to support a perpetrator from that supporting a victim.
- In some cases it may be appropriate to consult a trained mediator.
|NAME :———————————————–( On behalf of WOSIB MINISTRIES WORLDWIDE). NAME OF WORKER————————————————————————————– EMAIL/PHONE———————————————————————————————- SIGNED——————————————————————————————————- DATE——————————————————————————————————– —-|
What is classed as child abuse?
There are many different forms of child abuse but they can all be classified as one or more of: physical abuse, sexual abuse or psychological abuse. Below is an outline of the types of acts that can be classed as child abuse:
What is physical child abuse?
Physical child abuse is deliberately causing harm to a child through a physical action. The abuser’s aim is to hurt the child and, in extreme circumstances, can lead to the child’s death. Physical child abuse could also include the threat of injury to a child.
Physical child abuse can include, but is not limited to:
- Hitting, punching, slapping or kicking a child, including for the purpose of discipline
- Breaking a child’s bones
- Deliberately burning or scalding a child
- Deliberately drowning, suffocating or choking a child
- Giving a child harmful drugs or alcohol
- Fabricating or inducing an illness or ill health; such as pretending the child has an illness and giving them drugs or medication they don’t need
- Failing to protect a child from physical harm
- Inappropriately restraining or falsely imprisoning a child
- Shaking or hitting a baby. This can cause non-accidental head injuries and, in extreme cases, lead to the child’s death.
What is child sexual abuse?
Childhood sexual abuse occurs when a child is enticed or forced to take part in sexual activities. It is child sexual abuse even if the child isn’t aware of the nature of what is happening to them or if they go along with it without protest. Equally, it is child sexual abuse even if there is no threat of violence. It is important to note that child sexual abuse is often perpetrated by someone the child knows and trusts.
Child sexual abuse encompasses a variety of acts that broadly fall under the following two categories:
- When a child is made to take part in sexual activities, both physical and non-physical
- When an individual commits sexual acts upon a child, whether forcefully or otherwise
The following is a list of what constitutes child abuse of a sexual nature:
- Grooming a child for future sexual abuse, including via the internet
- Discussing sexually explicit topics with a child
- ‘Sexting’ a child, or coercing a child to send inappropriate images of themselves
- Taking inappropriate photographs or videos of a child
- Showing sexually-explicit images or videos to a child
- Physical contact, such as touching a child inappropriately
- An adult exposing themselves to a child
- Forcing, coercing, or grooming a child to engage in sexual behaviour like kissing and all forms of intercourse
- Using young people under the age of 18 in prostitution
- Female genital mutilation
What is emotional child abuse?
Emotional child abuse, or psychological child abuse, covers any abuse that negatively affects the child’s emotional and social development. Emotional child abuse can have a long-lasting impact on the child’s wellbeing. It can affect how they feel about themselves, how they fit in with friends and skew their perspective on what is normal in relationships.
It’s important to note that all forms of child abuse involve emotional abuse on some level.
Emotional abuse can take the form of:
- Bullying a child, including cyber bullying
- Constant or unjust punishment
- Unnecessary or unrelenting criticism
- Humiliation or telling a child they are worthless
- Denying a child love and affection
- Terrorising a child
- Limiting the child’s exploration and learning
- Not giving a child opportunity to express their views
- Preventing a child from taking part in normal social interaction
- Letting a child see or hear the ill-treatment of someone else. This might often be the case in a domestic violence situation
- Being complicit when you see a child being mistreated
What is child neglect?
Child neglect occurs when an adult with responsibility over a child fails to meet their basic needs over an ongoing period. For example, the child might be left hungry, unwashed or uncared for. Children rely on adults to look after them, and if their physical or psychological needs are not being fulfilled, it can be damaging to the child’s development, and their emotional and physical wellbeing.
One in ten children in the UK experience neglect in their lives. It is also frequently the case that a child who has been subject to neglect often undergoes other forms of abuse as well. Neglect can be intentional or unintentional, and both parents can be guilty of neglecting their child.
Some forms of child neglect include, but are not limited to:
- Neglect during pregnancy due to mother’s substance abuse or violence towards the mother during pregnancy
- Failure to provide food, shelter, clothing or warmth, including throwing a young person out of the family home
- Failure to seek or follow medical care for the child, including dental treatment
- Failure to protect a child from physical or emotional harm or danger
- Abandoning a child
- Failure to provide appropriate supervision of a child, including making inadequate childcare arrangements
- Unwillingness or inability to provide appropriate care for a child
IMPORTANT TELEPHONE NUMBERS
|Trafford children first response Emergency duty team||0161 912 5125 0161 912 2020|
|NSPCC||0808 800 5000.|
|Trafford Strategic Safeguarding Partnership||0161 911 8687|
|Safeguarding adults||0161 912 5135|
|For crime and urgent, call police on emergency||101. 999|
|For professionals-call to discuss adult concern||0161 912 2820|
|Church Safeguarding Officer||07411059733|